Southern magnolias grow from 1 to 2 feet a year, reaching 60 to 80 feet tall with canopies spreading 30 to 50 feet wide. Erickson currently resides in Springfield, Ill., where he covers Illinois state government and politics for daily newspapers in Bloomington, Decatur, the Quad-Cities, Carbondale, Mattoon and Charleston. White, pink, red, purple, and yellow Magnolia Tree flowers are a thing of beauty in the ornamental garden. Planting several of the trees forms a dense hedge. The slowest growing cultivars were 'Little Gem' (Magnolia grandiflora 'Little Gem') and 'Majestic Beauty' (Magnolia grandiflora 'Majestic Beauty'). Often called a saucer or tulip magnolia, soulangeana is a hybrid between the Yulan magnolia and the lily magnolia, producing goblet-shape flowers in purple, pale pink, magenta, and even white or yellow. Trees; Veg; Climbers; Herbs; Blogs; Trials & awards; Plantsmanship; Back. Loamy, rich soil that drains well is ideal. The original magnolia tree and some of its varieties grow 25 feet tall at a rate of 24 inches per growing season. If your soil does not meet these requirements, consider using mulch. View Map. Large, fragrant, white blossoms are just the beginning of the appeal of a magnolia tree. Anise Magnolia (Magnolia salicifolia) The anise magnolia has leaves that look somewhat like those … The trunk and stems are covered in a smooth gray bark, and the large buds and twisted young branches make the winter silhouette attractive too. How fast a magnolia tree will grow varies with the growing conditions and the magnolia cultivar. If you are searching for an individual tree that will add a gorgeous accent to either your yard or … Southern magnolias are known for their dramatic branches and carefree pyramidal shape. We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. If you want your magnolia tree to grow into a predictable shape and with the kind of leaves that you want, it's better to plant a slower-growing cultivar from a nursery. The good news is that magnolias grow just about anywhere in the U.S. Grow them in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7a through 10a, reports the University of Florida IFAS Extension. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. M. acuminata is a hybrid known as the cucumber tree. Prune carefully when the tree is young and avoid major prunings once it reaches maturity, as pruning wounds may not heal well. Is Southern Magnolia Deciduous or Evergreen? If you need to remove unsightly or dead branches, do it in spring or summer … Japanese magnolias are best suited for Zones 4-9. Star magnolias are known as slow growers, often growing just 90 cm to 1.8 m (3 to 6 feet) over five or six years. Check Out Our Current Specials! At full maturity a sweetbay magnolia may reach 15 m (50 feet) in height. In general, magnolias are flowering, warm-climate trees that thrive best in slightly acidic soil. Growth slows when the tree has aged to about 50 years old. When Should a Valencia Orange Tree First Produce? The little gem magnolia can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 6–10. Discover magnolias. It was introduced into cultivation in 1862. Fortunately, home gardeners can plant more compact selections that won’t swallow entire an entire yard. The Jane magnolia is a member of the "Little Girl" group of hybrid magnolias developed in the mid-50s at the U.S. National Arboretum. The dwarf tree's shrublike growth and slow growth rate make it ideal as a container specimen on a patio or deck. Southern magnolias grow from 1 to 2 feet a year, reaching 60 to 80 feet … Growing guide How to grow magnolias. This long-lived tree generally grows at a slow rate of about one to two feet per year. Also Know, how long does it take for a magnolia tree to bloom? It generally grows no more than 6 m (20 feet) tall … Gauging how fast a magnolia tree will grow depends on the species of magnolia and the soil and weather conditions where it is planted. Samuel Sommer … Magnolias are available for almost any climate, especially if you can provide protection from harsh conditions. Some Magnolia Trees require some space in order to flourish abundantly. If you want your magnolia tree to grow into a predictable shape and with the kind of leaves that you want, it's better to plant a slower-growing cultivar from a nursery. M. grandiflora is known as the southern magnolia or bull bay tree. This magnolia tree’s ivory flowers have six petals; they are 8 to 10 inches across. How big does Southern magnolia tree grow? A cultivar of the famed Magnolia grandiflora or Southern magnolia, Samuel Sommer, is vigorous and fast growing. Considered a small magnolia tree, it is deciduous and compact, growing only to about 15 feet tall (many consider it to be a shrub). Discover magnolias. 10 years . M. stellata. It has a fast growth rate of up to 75 cm (2.5 feet) per year and may reach 24 m (80 feet) in height. These attractive trees also feature glossy, dark green leaves and a large, exotic-looking pod that opens in fall to reveal bright orange-red berries which are relished by birds and other wildlife. Clemson University Cooperative Extension: Magnolia, University of Florida Extension: Magnolia Grandiflora -- Southern Magnolia, University of Alabama: Evaluations of Magnolia Grandiflora Selections. Gauging how fast a magnolia tree will grow depends on the species of magnolia and the soil and weather conditions where it is planted. Bigleaf magnolias grow best in soil that is slightly acidic to neutral. The widely-planted 'Claudia Wannamaker' (Magnolia grandiflora 'Claudia Wannamaker') is a fast grower with a broad pyramid form. Further, the bike is thin and can be easily damaged by garden tools such as weed eaters or mowers. It may grow up to 24 m (80 feet) in height. In this regard, how tall do star magnolias get? Traditional southern magnolias, Magnolia grandiflora, can grow to 80 feet tall, according to Texas A&M University horticulturalist Dr. William C. Welch, which put it decidedly into the category of "tree." Here is a quick comparison chart of the magnolia varieties we carry: Cultivar Mature Height Mature Width Magnolia Flower Color Evergreen or Deciduous? Magnolias grown from seed, called seedlings, grow faster than cultivars, but their shape, leaves and the density of their canopies are unpredictable and highly variable. M. stellata is known as star magnolia. Magnolia Tree Life Cycle. The Butterflies Magnolia is a small deciduous tree, growing 15 to 20 feet tall, with a single main trunk, spreading about 12 feet wide in time. The rate of growth can be impacted somewhat by the tree’s health and growing conditions.” 2 Prune your tree regularly. In general, magnolias are flowering, warm-climate trees that thrive best in slightly acidic soil. Although expensive plants to buy they are longlived, slow growing trees which bring a stunning display to your garden each year. The fast-growing magnolia suitable for a shade tree is Magnolia acuminata, also known as cucumbertree or cucumber magnolia after its cucumber-shaped fruit. magnolia image by Annett Goebel from Fotolia.com. Also question is, how fast do star magnolias grow? It thrives in Southern regions in USDA Hardiness Zones 7 to 10. The Little Gem magnolia also grows well when formed into an espalier. M. stellata is known as star magnolia. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Although many gardeners love the white, fragrant blossoms, the leaves are also beautiful and reason enough to start growing southern magnolias. It reaches up to 80’ tall, covers 40’ in width, and grows an impressive 1-2 feet per year. A cucumber tree (Magnolia accuminata) can grow over 25 feet tall in 10 years. For quicker and more reliable results take softwood cuttings or layer vigorous new sbhoots emerging close to the ground. In fact, removing too many branches can result in stress, cause suckers, and make the tree susceptible to disease. This is rated as a slow-to-medium rate of growth, but how fast a tree will grow varies with the cultivar and growing conditions. It makes a striking ornamental and fills in corners and borders with ease and lush … Buying Magnolia trees online is fast and easy at The Tree Center. If you can't abide leaf drop, this isn't the magnolia for you, because the leaves of M. grandiflora drop 365 days a year. He is a 1987 graduate of Carroll College with a Bachelor of Science in communications. When to Plant a Magnolia Tree. The magnolia is a medium-sized tree, meaning that its full height ranges from 35 to 60 feet and its spread can reach about 15 feet around. 'Samuel Sommer' (Magnolia grandiflora 'Samuel Sommer') is a fast-growing cultivar that has bronze and green leaves up to 14 inches wide, and grows from 30 to 40 feet tall and 30 feet wide. If you have lots of space, a storied southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) will give you plenty of shade. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. It is always best to inquire about compatible species while at the nursery to ensure the tree’s chances at longevity. per year. A southern magnolia will grow faster in conditions that it likes. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Magnolia ×soulangeana, commonly known as saucer magnolias are the first to bloom in spring and have huge 5- to 10-inch flowers. This shrub grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. That’s BIG. Its growth may be hastened by the use of water and fertiliser. Southern magnolias have somewhat soft-wooded branches and can break in ice storms. Kurt Erickson has more than 20 years of experience writing for newspapers in Illinois, Wisconsin, Iowa, Missouri and Indiana. 'Brozzonii', a popular saucer magnolia cultivar, has large white flowers with lavender-pink bases. Magnolia Tree Bloom Period Sunlight Requirements Magnolia Tree Growth Rate USDA Zone Special Features; Alexandrina. University of Alabama arborists conducted a 17-year study of southern magnolia growth from 1983 to 2000. M. virginiana, known as sweetbay magnolia, is among the faster growing magnolias. It has an upright form, with branches spreading out and up to form an attractive pyramidal crown. Get involved. They are compact, deciduous, low-branched trees that will grow to a height of 20 to 30 feet and are cold-hardy to Zone 5. Magnolias are beautiful but dense trees that can grow to magnificent heights. Depending on soil and weather conditions, sweetbay magnolias grow up to 45 cm (1.5 feet) per year. Does the Shamel Ash Tree Lose Its Leaves? They are prone to girdling roots; to ensure vigorous growth of these spreading roots, remove any that circle at the bottom of a tree before you plant it. Where do magnolia trees grow best? M. grandiflora is known as the southern magnolia or bull bay tree. Depending on the environment, bigleaf magnolia trees can grow to nearly 60 feet tall in full sun or partial shade but their average height is 30 to 40 feet. For the expert gardener, grafting … Sweet bay (M. virginiana), a smaller tree, is easier to fit into most gardens. The Southern magnolia grows at a rate known as moderately fast in the gardening world; in normal growing conditions, it will average a full foot of growth in height every year. Magnolia grandiflora, M. delavayi, M. kobus, M. x loebneri, M. stellata and M. wilsonii sho Magnolia x soulangiana ‘Alexandrina’ … It reaches a height of no more than 9 m (30 feet) with a growth rate of about 30 cm (1 foot) per year. The Magnolia Tree for Smaller Spaces Why Little Gem Magnolia Trees? Table of Contents hide. It may grow up to 24 m (80 feet) in height. M. grandiflora is known as the southern magnolia or bull bay tree. Of the seedlings monitored in the Alabama study, just one seedling was attractive enough to merit commercial sale, and it had few or no outstanding characteristics. The cucumber magnolia grows 60 to 80 feet tall and 30 feet wide, though its flowers are quite small. Colours range from port wine through burgundy shades to white (Magnolia denudata) which can be more difficult to grow than some hybrids. Magnolia tree facts . Cultivars are grown from cuttings and have characteristics identical to their parent tree. Growth Rate This tree grows at a slow rate, with height increases of less than 12" per year. Magnolia Stellata can be raised from ripe seed sown in spring, but seed may take up to 18 months to germinate. M. x soulangiana is commonly known as saucer magnolia. The Little Gem magnolia grows approximately 1 to 2 feet per year. Singularly unique, the Magnolia Tree has delighted gardeners for thousands of years. Southern magnolias are found in many established landscapes across the South and flank the clubhouse at Augusta National golf course in Augusta, Georgia. That depends on where it’s growing, but the average tree matures anywhere from 60 to 80 feet tall and 40 feet wide after many years. Everything you need to know about choosing the right magnolia for you. While they prefer acid soil with a pH of about 5.5 to 6.5, according to Clemson University, southern magnolias will tolerate slightly basic soil, even clay. But don’t despair; if your ground is chalky there are several that will happily grow in alkaline soil. The fastest growing cultivars were 'Margaret Davis' (Magnolia grandiflora 'Margaret Davis) and 'Smith Fogle' (Magnolia grandiflora 'Smith Fogle'), based on total height, caliper (trunk width) and canopy width, with 'Smith Fogle' matching the overall winner 'Margaret Davis' on height and canopy width. Learning more about magnolia planting and care is a great way to enjoy these trees in your landscape. The most easily recognized type is the iconic Southern magnolia, an evergreen tree with huge, waxy white blooms that appear in summer. Trees may suffer ice and wind damage, especially when buds emerge before the final frost of spring. It generally grows no more than 6 m (20 feet) tall and is used as a shrub or landscaping feature in most settings. Southern magnolia facts suggest that the trees grow quite fast, shooting up some 12 to 24 inches (30-60 cm.) Their roots extend to roughly four times the width of the canopy. Traditional Southern magnolia trees grow best in zones 6-10; however, hybrids such as the star magnolia can thrive in areas as cold as zone 4. It may be tempting to prune back an overgrown magnolia, but generally, magnolias don’t respond well to heavy pruning. Fast growing trees grow more than 24 inches a year. For instance, the Sweetbay Magnolia Tree will need more space, while the Jane Magnolia, one of the smaller varieties, will grow to a mature height of just about 10 to 15 feet tall. The familiar, towering Southern magnolia (Magnolia macrophylla) is the state flower of Louisiana and Mississippi. Tree Type Mature Size The little gem magnolia grows to a height of 15–20' and a spread of 7–10' at maturity. Quick facts. If you can’t irrigate it periodically, plant it in a spot where it will be in the shade for a few years, although they can also thrive in full sun, depending on the cultivar. Since the tree grows as wide as 40 feet, it takes up a lot of garden space. Bigleaf magnolia trees prefer conditions that mimic their native habitat in alluvial woods and piedmont. “The flowers appear sporadically from May to July, but they have an … With the same wonderful attributes of the hardy Southern Magnolia Tree in a smaller, more manageable package, the Little Gem Magnolia Tree is ideal for landscapes that can't accommodate the 40-foot width of a typical magnolia. If you are wondering how fast do magnolia trees grow the growth rate listed below . Magnolias usually average about 0.2 inches of diameter growth per year. 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